Rare Fungal Disease Is a Threat to Agriculture Crops

by Leilani McNeal, age 14

Stem rust, a fungus disease affecting cereal crops such as wheat, is raising concern among pathologists. An issue that plant scientists thought was resolved has resurfaced, and they are currently working to develop different types of resistance to this disease.

Tom Fetch, a Canadian Agriculture research scientist, specializes in stem rust in cereal crops; however, his job had not received much attention until now. Canada, luckily, has not faced a stem rust infection for approximately 30 years, thanks to North American scientists who had found a way to prevent these outbreaks in the western hemisphere. This fungus did not fully die out because a new stem rust, Ug99, manifested in Uganda in 1998 and expanded across the desert plains of East Africa. Since then, researchers have made it their top priority to limit the spread of Ug99. In 2014, over 15 plant pathologists of the Agriculture Canada Research Centre in Morden were studying diseases in crops such as cereal, pulse, and oilseed, trying to find effective ways to reduce the amount of fungus that is killing off the crops. [read more]

Mysterious Copper Boulders in Michigan

by Moises A. Hernandez, age 14

According to Dictionary.com, a boulder is “a detached and rounded or worn rock, especially a large one.” Back in the early 1600s, fur traders who were crossing Lake Superior heard stories of a large rock that was lying on the edge of the Ontonagon River. It was said that the boulder weighed five tons, was as big as a house, and was made of solid copper.

When trader Alexander Henry first saw the rock in 1766, he was so excited that he overestimated the weight of the boulder to be ten tons. He then reported that the copper was very pure and flexible, allowing him to take off a large piece. Henry R. Schoolcraft was intrigued by these rumors and searched for the legendary boulder. When he found it in 1819, he was disappointed by its size because it was smaller than the legends claimed. Schoolcraft estimated the weight, of what is now known as the Ontonagon Boulder, to be one ton or 1000 kilograms. The boulder was later found to be 1680 kilograms instead. [read more]

Strange Dentistry Practices of the Stone Age

by Katrin Brendemuehl, age 15

Going to the dentist has traditionally been a dreaded activity for adults and kids alike. But until recently, we weren’t aware of just how long people have been practicing dentistry, nor their strange methods of care.

Thirteen-thousand years is a long time for a profession to have been continuously practiced. It was previously believed that humans started practicing dentistry 5000 years later than the new findings suggest. Evidence from the teeth of a 14,000-year-old human shows a sharp tool was used to carve out dead tissue from teeth. It’s a revolutionary discovery out of northern Italy that has anthropologists excited. [read more]

Solar Powered Lander Touches Down On Mars

by Christy Zheng, age 15

It was an agonizing 6.5 seconds. The members of the InSight lander mission team and NASA officials waited with bated breaths as the $850 million lander shot through Mars’ atmosphere at 12,300 mph, entering at precisely 12 degrees. InSight’s heat shields endured temperatures of 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit. Atmospheric forces managed to decelerate the lander before it parachuted down, towards the surface of the Red Planet.

The InSight lander is an extraordinary feat of engineering. It contains various precise scientific instruments that, provided everything goes smoothly, will send groundbreaking data back to Earth on the interior of Mars, which has previously been unexplored. This will, in turn, help researchers understand other rocky planets as well. [read more]

More Recent Science Articles

Stem rust, a fungus disease affecting cereal crops such as wheat, is raising concern among pathologists. An issue that plant scientists thought was resolved resurfaced, and they are currently working to develop different types of resistance to this disease. [read more...]
According to Dictionary.com, a boulder is “a detached and rounded or worn rock, especially a large one.” Back in the early 1600s, fur traders who were crossing Lake Superior heard stories of a large rock that was lying on the edge of the Ontonagon River. It was said that the boulder weighed five tons, was as big as a house, and was made of solid copper. [read more...]
Going to the dentist has traditionally been a dreaded activity for adults and kids alike. But until recently, we weren’t aware of just how long people have been practicing dentistry, nor their strange methods of care. [read more...]
It was an agonizing 6.5 seconds. The members of the InSight lander mission team and NASA officials waited with bated breaths as the $850 million lander shot through Mars’ atmosphere at 12,300 mph, entering at precisely 12 degrees. InSight’s heat shields endured temperatures of 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit. Atmospheric forces managed to decelerate the lander before it parachuted down, towards the surface of the Red Planet. [read more...]
Many people worked hard to create the Periodic Table of Elements, though only one person received most of the credit. Scientists continue to add to and alter the design today. [read more...]
On August 21, 2017, many were amazed at the Great American Eclipse, a wonder on display for us in the sky. But strangely, the bees stopped buzzing. [read more...]
Cayo Santiago is a 38-acre tropical island off the coast of Puerto Rico. Home to about 1,500 rhesus monkeys, the island is known as “Monkey Island.’’ Scientists have a field station on the island where they keep records of their observations about generations of monkeys living on Monkey Island, but they themselves live on a different island and take 15-minute boat trips every day to get to the island. Information about the monkeys’ lives, deaths, genes, hormones, treatment of their children, and their interactions is collected by the scientists. [read more...]
Raising a cat can be tough. Most dogs you meet on the street will trust you with their lives. But when it comes to cats, you need to earn their trust. And you’ll need to do it carefully because in just one wrong move, you could destroy the trust you have built. [read more...]
When Kate Farnsworth’s daughter was 8 years old, she was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Like most Type 1 diabetics, Kate’s daughter is now subscribed to a endless treatment of frequent blood checks and insulin shots. However the problem with this treatment method is that not everyone with diabetes can care for themselves. Many young kids and older people either forget about monitoring their blood-glucose levels or can’t inject themselves with insulin. As a result, once her young daughter was diagnosed, Kate was forced to wake up routinely each night at 3 a.m. to check on her daughter’s blood-glucose levels. Furthermore, if Kate wasn’t around checking her daughter’s blood-glucose, then her daughter was required to check her own levels at school and at other activities. In short, it was a cumbersome chore that was by no way simple. [read more...]
Eran las once, cuarenta y nueve de la noche cuando un terremoto de 8.2 sacudió los estados mexicanos de Oaxaca, Chiapas, y Tabasco. Aunque este terremoto, que ocurrió el 7 de septiembre del 2017, causó muchos daños, no fue tan devastador como el terremoto de 1985. El terremoto del año 85 fue menor en magnitud, pero causó más daño comparado con el del año 2017. [read more...]
Transferring colleges is sometimes a challenge. It can be a daunting task with a lot of uncertainty, especially for students coming from under-resourced communities. A new grant and partnership between UW-Madison and Madison College (MATC) may help these students. Specifically, this new developing program aims to increase the graduation rate of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) transfer students coming from MATC to UW-Madison. [read more...]
Animals normally change colors seasonally, but now due to drastic temperature changes, animal camouflage is not following its traditional pattern. [read more...]
Social insects, Earth´s strong little creatures, are a triumphant group of animals. It is no surprise why many people are so fascinated by their astonishing capabilities. [read more...]
Bones play a tremendous role in the body and can affect routine functions such as appetite and a person’s health. [read more...]
In the sixteenth century, the worst epidemic in human history hit. It traveled to Mexico, possibly from Europe, and killed most of the native population. [read more...]
A volcano is an opening in the surface of the Earth. Gas and hot smoke, along with magma and ash, can come out of its opening. [read more...]
On August 6, 1945, during World War II, an American bomber dropped the world’s first atomic bomb over Hiroshima, a city in Japan. Three days later, another was dropped on the city of Nagasaki. The U.S. was the first, and remains the only, nation to use atomic bombs during wartime. [read more...]
Native plants are an important part of our ecosystem due to their many benefits, but their numbers are quickly dwindling. A new program by the Land and Water Resources Department aims to encourage more native gardens around Dane County. The program, called Plant Dane, is growing and offering free native plants to schools and community centers. Native plant gardens can be quite costly due to the high price of native plants. By offering free plants from the county, schools and communities that previously didn't have the money to create a garden now can. [read more...]
Do you think time travel is a myth? Well, some scientists think time travel is possible. According to a new book called Secrets of the Universe, time travel is something humans do all the time. It's easy because we go forward in time every day. Going backward in time or jumping way forward in the future is what seems hard. [read more...]
Stars don’t always shine. At one point, they run out of gas to make energy and die. This can cause unique events like a red giant, supernova, and even a black hole. [read more...]
On the morning of July 16, 1945, in the Jornada del Muerto desert in Socorro County, New Mexico, the first large-scale atomic weapons test took place. Conducted by the United States Army and code named “Trinity,” the detonation of the nuclear weapon created a fireball that could be seen 250 miles away. [read more...]
Blue-green algae is a problem that plagues many beaches in Dane County. Too much exposure to this bacterium can lead to high risks of health issues such as sore throats and rashes. The toxic algae flourish in Dane County’s phosphorus-rich lakes decreasing water quality and resulting in beach closings. John Reimer, a civil engineer and assistant director of the Dane County Land and Water Resources Department, is using new technology to keep the beaches clean and closings at bay while Dane County and local partners work towards long-term water quality improvement. [read more...]
Hurricane Mathew tore through the Caribbean as a category four storm in October, 2016. But, it plummeted to a category one storm as it made its way to the eastern coast of the United States. This is a perfect example of something James Kossin, an atmospheric scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, calls “an incredibly lucky phenomenon.” [read more...]
Scientists have long pondered what disease could have been strong enough to cause the end of the Aztecs. A new study reveals that a lethal form of the bacteria salmonella could be the culprit of the Aztec’s demise. [read more...]
Although the name of Death Valley makes the place sound like it has to do with death, it is just in relation to the scorching heat. Death Valley is located in California near the Pacific Ocean. It is very dry and hot, and the temperature can be anywhere from 120° F or higher on a normal day. [read more...]
Is moist air lighter than dry air? The simple answer is yes, but knowing why gets complicated. [read more...]
California es un lugar muy deseable para vivir, pero también es uno de los mas difíciles para obtener agua. California está en problemas por esto, ya que es un recurso que todos necesitamos para vivir, pero su escasez ha provocado que tenga un precio muy elevado. [read more...]
Las habas vienen de la familia de las leguminosas, como los frijoles, las lentejas, y la soya. Son un alimento que puedes encontrar en las cocinas alrededor del mundo. ¡Ha estado presente en el continente americano por más de 500 años! Es una planta que no tienes que cuidar tanto como otras, porque requiere poca humedad y es tolerante a bajas temperaturas. [read more...]
Algo que muchos científicos se preguntan es: “¿Qué le pasaría al mundo si de repente el Internet dejase de funcionar?” Muchos han hecho experimentos que muestran las consecuencias no serían tan agradables. [read more...]
Un acelerador de partículas es una máquina grande usada por físicos para romper átomos en pedazos y aprender sobre lo que los compone. Los físicos son científicos que tienen un conocimiento especializado en la interacción entre la materia y la energía. Para estudiar las partículas, los físicos aceleran partículas subatómicas a casi la velocidad de la luz, que es más de 186,000 millas por segundo. [read more...]
Sexism and even theft sometimes played roles in the crediting of various scientific discoveries throughout history. Rosalind Franklin, a brilliant woman who lived during the 1900’s, and her work with DNA is a perfect example of this. [read more...]
A team of UW-Madison researchers tailing coyotes and foxes in the City of Madison has made a surprising discovery—the two rival canids have made amends. [read more...]
The “Father of Modern Gynecology,” James Marion Sims, is celebrated all over the United States for his pioneering work in women’s reproductive health. What many overlook is his reputation for intrusive experimentation on Black slave women without their consent, or in his words, the most “memorable time” of his life. Sims’ controversial means of discovery is one in a long history of the ‘Black lab rat’ narrative. [read more...]
Researchers have determined the symptoms in human brain cells caused by the most common risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease: the Apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene. They also found a way to fix and erase the gene’s harmful effects. [read more...]
Scientists have always believed that there was one mass migration of people across the land bridge between Asia and the Americas. This group of people then split in two, forming the northern and southern groups, which are the ancestors of modern day Native Americans. This belief was mostly based on DNA from bodies and remains found in settlements. However, a new discovery might completely change the theories about these people and their paths. [read more...]
Fake news runs rampant on the internet. Generating most of this fake content, bots prey on users scrolling for the next story worth retweeting or otherwise sharing. Fake news reaches an audience 35 percent greater than truthful stories do, according to researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Luckily, many scientists and scholars are working to defeat internet bots and help users detect false stories. [read more...]
Many people think of time capsules, as small boxes buried in a backyard, filled with items that are possibly ancient. But what if we could put one on Mars for future astronauts to find? Emily Briere, an aerospace engineering student, thinks this could become a reality soon. [read more...]
No doubt the root of some ‘potty humor’, Uranus is pronounced two different ways, Yoor un us or Your Anus. This planet has many interesting and unique features compared to its neighboring planets. [read more...]
We consider doctors to have little to no bias in their professions. However, when a condition cannot be seen in any tests or examinations, will that lack of bias stand? [read more...]
Obesity is a worldwide problem and has been increasingly so in recent decades. This is especially true in the United States, where one third of Americans are obese. [read more...]
For many, the world of slumber is marvelous and rejuvenating. Dreams of finding ourselves in candylands and soaring above the clouds dance through our minds while we sleep. But for others, sleep can involve petrifying experiences like sleep paralysis. [read more...]
Millions of years ago, huge monster-like creatures lived on the land and in the water. They were not 4 your typical monsters, they were dinosaurs [read more...]
A spinning mass of debris that has been around since the beginning of the solar system can only mean one thing: an Oort cloud. [read more...]
Over four and a half billion years ago, the Sun, the planets, and Pluto were formed in the Solar System. [read more...]
For decades, humans have relied on a number of methods to harness energy including solar and power. Osmotic energy is a new way to create clean energy just by using water, salt water, and a tiny membrane. The end result is optimized power in a more resourceful way. [read more...]
A particle accelerator is a big machine used by physicists to smash an atom into pieces to learn what it contains inside. Physicists are scientists who have specialized knowledge in the interaction between matter and energy. Physicists accelerate little subatomic particles almost to the speed of light, which is more than 186,000 miles per second. Since the invention of the particle accelerator in the 1930’s, scientists have found that the internal structure of the atom is more complex than they imagined. [read more...]
Dolphins are very intelligent creatures who can do incredible things. One of the most interesting facts about dolphins is their extra sense, echolocation, also known as sonar. [read more...]
Snowy owls live up to nine years and, as their name suggests, their fur is snow white—but only sometimes. These resourceful creatures rely on smart mating habits to survive as a species. [read more...]
Machines replacing people in the workplace is a rising controversy in the United States. For some, it is a solution to a shortage of workers. To others, it is a precursor for many jobs being eliminated. [read more...]
Lupus, an autoimmune disease that affects many people—especially young women of color—can be socially, emotionally, and physically draining. UW Health serves more than 600 Lupus patients and recently opened a new clinic to serve those affected. [read more...]
For years, scientists have recorded volcanic eruptions. One such explosion, the biggest in recorded history, is known as “The Big Bang at Krakatoa.” [read more...]
The gloomy octopus, a species who resides in subtropical waters off eastern Australia and northern New Zealand, is usually an antisocial creature. In fact, the octopus meets with other octopuses only once a year to mate. But new discoveries may change what scientists thought they knew about the introverted octopus. [read more...]
Alzheimer’s is a devastating disease with no cure. However, research indicates that music may at least slow the development of Alzheimer’s. [read more...]
The most common cause of death in America, cancer is a frightening and devastating disease. About 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with cancer every year. [read more...]
In the 21st century, many businesses and industries are taking steps to encourage girls and women to pursue careers in traditionally male-dominated fields, including science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM). However, women remain severely underrepresented in STEM careers. In fact, the U.S. Department of Commerce recently reported that while women hold about half of the jobs in the U.S., they fill only one-fourth of the nation’s STEM positions. [read more...]
Coastal sand crumbles at the human touch but is powerful enough to form barrier islands. Have you ever wondered how this is possible? [read more...]
The Rosemary Garfoot Public Library is a central gathering place and a source of information for the Cross Plains community. [read more...]
On May 12, 1820, a girl was born to affluent British parents in Florence, Italy. Growing up as a member of “respectable society”, she was expected to follow the conventional route for someone with her status at the time, which included marrying well. To her parents’ chagrin, however, she was more interested in healing the sick than courting eligible young men, and she even rejected the “respectable” boy who proposed to her. Worse than that, she loved math, which displeased her parents the most. She was Florence Nightingale: the “Lady with the Lamp,” a famous nurse in the Crimean War, and—perhaps most notably— a mathematician. [read more...]
Do you know what plasma is? Many people are not familiar with plasma and do not know where it can be found. [read more...]
Researchers were surprised when they found an estimated 38 million pieces of trash washed up on the beaches of a tiny unpopulated island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean recently. According to the researchers, the density of the trash was the highest recorded in the world. Welcome to Henderson Island, an 18 sqaure-mile British dependency located about halfway between New Zealand and Chile. [read more...]
Birds alive today share many characteristics of early dinosaurs. This fascinating discovery came to light in the late 1800’s when Thomas Henry Huxley, a biologist, noticed some similarities. Interested in comparing the body structures of different animals, Huxley became the first person to notice that dinosaurs and birds appeared related. [read more...]
Barbara McClintok, an American biologist who studied chromosomes, proved that there is more to know about corn than how much butter you should put on it. [read more...]
Hurricanes are huge, spiraling tropical storms that can have wind speeds that exceed 160 miles per hour and produce nine trillion liters of rain a day. The word hurricane comes from the native Spanish word huracan, a name the Spanish used for the evil spirits and weather gods they believed drowned their ships sailing in the Caribbean. This tropical storm is known as a cyclone in the northern Indian Ocean and the Bay of Bengal, and as typhoons in the western Pacific Ocean. [read more...]
In the past, manatees have often been associated with slow-wittedness. In 1902, a famous British anatomist likened a manatee brain to that of an idiot. [read more...]
What does it mean to be ‘’extinct?” For years, most people assumed the answer is simple: once a species no longer lives, it is extinct, and cannot exist going forward. Think of the Woolly Mammoth, or the Passenger Pigeon for example. However, a fascinating new technology could possibly revive extinct species. [read more...]
Everyone knows that the Earth revolves around the Sun, right? It seems like it should be obvious. But Nicolas Copernicus lived in a time when this very thought was ridiculed by the majority of people. [read more...]
Lightning is a beautiful but dangerous phenomenon. Many think it is white, but is it really? [read more...]
“Derecho” is a Spanish word meaning “straight ahead”. It is also the name for severe thunderstorms with winds up to 150miles per hour. [read more...]
Have you ever seen a pink lake? There is a lake at a park in Melbourne, Australia that turns hot-pink every year. It turns pink because the lake contains salt-loving, single-celled germs that make pigments called carotenoids. [read more...]
Is it possible that mammoths might make a comeback? Centuries ago, mammoths died due to lack of water, skilled hunters and climate change. But mammoths might be on their way back. [read more...]
Do you have trouble getting into reading? Do you find it hard to read for fun? Well, if so, you may be more likely to live a shorter life according to a study published in the journal Social Science. [read more...]
In the 1940’s, most scientists were men. This was the case until the admiral Dr. Grace Hopper came along and flipped the script. [read more...]
Having a healthy body usually means one is free of disease and injury. Sometimes, people are born with hereditary diseases, which are carried in a person’s genes and passed down through generations. Other factors that contribute to a person’s health are his or her environment, lifestyle, and general nutrition. [read more...]
Hippos are an interesting, one-of-a-kind species. They have many features that may surprise you. [read more...]
A lot of people enjoy a drive through Wisconsin in autumn. Do you ever wonder why the leaves change colors or why they only change during the fall? [read more...]
Plastic is a substance that has contaminated bodies of water, endangered wildlife across the globe, and fascinated humans since the 1950’s. In fact, in fewer than seven decades, humans have produced 8.3 billion metric tons of plastic. Half of this production since 2004. [read more...]
Nearly everybody has walked on grass. But did you know that grass grows underwater too? Seagrass is an underwater plant that grows near ocean coasts. In fact, colossal amounts of seagrass surround all of the continents except Antarctica. This greenery improves the health of oceans and is a safe place for young fish, flowers, pollen, and even seeds to thrive. [read more...]
The sound of a buzzing bee is seemingly a simple sound we hear on the average summer day, a sound we often pay no mind. But for bees, buzzing has a vast importance. [read more...]
Although dinosaurs have been extinct for thousands of years, modern paleontologists are using ancient artifacts to learn more about their history. Recently, a new addition to the titanosaur species was discovered. [read more...]
NASA’s planet-hunting telescope called Kepler, which was launched in 2009, has recently discovered 10 new planets outside our solar system that look to be the right size and temperature to sustain life, according to a recent article in the Wisconsin State Journal. [read more...]
Do you know how the Universe began? Many scientists believe it has to do with a theory called the “Big Bang.” [read more...]
What happens when warm, moist air from Mexico and cool dry air from Canada collide? A tornado occurs. A tornado is a strong rotation of storm wind that reaches the ground. Tornadoes can destroy buildings, knock over trees, and move cars. Each year, there are around 1,000 tornadoes reported nationwide in the U.S. [read more...]
Algae, mollusks, and sea anemones all live on coastlines. While wetlands have still waters, coastlines alternate between wet and dry terrain. Perhaps surprisingly, a plethora of interesting species thrive in both of these aquatic environments. [read more...]
Earlier this year, scientists stumbled upon a specimen they claim to be the oldest fossil ever discovered – dating back at least 3.77 billion years. In a recent study, researchers Mattew S. Dodd, Dr. Dominic Papineau, and their colleagues at the University College London examined rocks from a formation in Canada called Nuvvuagittuq. [read more...]
Do you know the difference between dragonflies and mayflies? Each insect's family includes a variety of species; in fact, there are 5,000 species of dragonfly and 2,000 of mayfly. [read more...]
You’ve probably heard of DNA—the genetic information contained in each human cell— but perhaps you haven’t heard of the person who helped discover its unique structure: Rosalind Franklin. Though her discoveries about DNA structure led to a paper that won the Nobel Prize. Franklin's accomplishments were not initially credited to her. Luckily, records of Franklin's work ultimately came to light, and her true contributions to science are now understood by the general public. [read more...]
Humans see light in a number of ways. Each way depends on light and wavelengths. [read more...]
The worldwide food crisis is not new: for decades, scientists have suggested that the world is running out of food for its growing population. But why is this happening, and what can humans do about it? [read more...]
Think about how often you see rocks every day. Have you ever imagined that one could be alive? Unless you are in Chile or Peru, this probably isn’t the case. But then again, after reading about this creature, you may believe anything is possible. [read more...]
A study in the journal Nature, showed that in the next 50 years, a quarter of the world’s land animals and plants could become extinct. That’s around a million species. [read more...]
Over 430,001 years ago, a murder occurred in Northern Spain. Well, at least a suspected one. In the cave system Sima de los Huesos, translated in English to Pit of Bones, scientists found a skull with many injuries. [read more...]
A recent finding published in the journal Nature Genetics suggests that a gene associated with short stature, reduced mobility, and sore joints might have played a key role in the survival of humans during the Ice Age. [read more...]
Once people start hitting middle-age, their eye-sight—especially their ability to focus on objects close to them—can begin to deteriorate. However, a corneal implant, called KAMRA, could assist people suffering from farsightedness. [read more...]
Made of liquid and gas, Jupiter and Saturn are important planets. [read more...]
Paramecia are microscopic, single-celled living organisms shaped like slippers. They are found in fresh lake water and have the fascinating ability to shoot out poison darts called trichocysts to wound and capture their prey. [read more...]
Spring is a wonderful season. Flowers are blooming, bees are buzzing, and birds are fighting over nesting spots. Each spring, there are only a limited number of spots for bird nests, however, so these winged creatures must compete for spaces to build their homes. [read more...]
Podemos pensar que los murciélagos son pequeños y feos pero ayudan a las personas. [read more...]
The current capabilities of technology are truly amazing. Creations ranging from driverless cars to artificial intelligence (AI) home assistants like “Alexa”, were mere visions 20 years ago. The smarter and more prevalent, technology is becoming, however, the more privacy becomes an issue. When it comes to these technologies in our homes, how much is too much? [read more...]
El cuerpo del delfín es largo y le da la habilidad de nadar con fluidez. Miden de 1.2 a 9 metros y las hembras son de menor tamaño que los machos. Su cerebro es grande y muy desarrollado, por eso el delfín es considerado uno de los animales más inteligentes del mundo. [read more...]
Ancient people described the Milky Way galaxy as 'a river, milk, and a path', according to legend. The Milky Way galaxy in which we live is just like billions of other galaxies. Most of the stars in the Milky Way are older than the 4.5 billion-year-old sun. [read more...]
Have you ever wondered how baby teeth fall out? It is a normal, natural, and interesting process. [read more...]
The way it’s portrayed in the movies, hypnotism involves a kooky therapist waiving a pocket watch back and forth in front of a patient, repeating the phrase, “You are getting very sleepy!” The patient falls into a trance, and does whatever the doctor says. This is yet another example of things you can’t believe on TV. [read more...]
In 2004, scientists unearthed evidence of the oldest tiger ever discovered. Found in northwestern China, the skull of the extinct, jaguar-sized tiger dates back 2.16 to 2.55 million years. [read more...]
Last Tuesday, we sat down with Seth Ebel, a thirty-something civil engineer at the Dane County Land and Water Resources Department. He has the air of a pragmatic idealist: passionate and motivated, yet down-to-earth and committed. [read more...]
Desde los humedales hasta los prados, la diversidad del bioma contribuye a la preservación de recursos naturales y fauna en Wisconsin. El cambio climático, la perdida de prados y la deforestación han reducido algunas de las fuentes de especies más diversas del estado, en las últimas décadas. [read more...]
Do you love listening to music every day? So much so that you can’t stop listening to it? Even though listening to music can be a fun way to pass time, it can make concentrating on work very difficult. [read more...]
‘‘It really looked like it was flying,’’ said a professor at Barry University in Florida and marine biologist Silvia Maciá. She was referring not to a bird, but to a squid. Squid are usually expected to live near the bottom of the ocean, and considering, Marcia’s statement seemed quite odd. [read more...]
Since the 1970’s, an ongoing debate concerning the blood of dinosaurs has engaged scientists and civilians alike. Although there is no direct evidence that indicates if dinosaurs were cold-blooded or warm-blooded, scientists do have some guesses. [read more...]
Breathing is something many people probably do without even thinking about it. But not those with asthma. Asthma is a common condition that affects the lungs and causes sufferers difficulty breathing. It affects one in every 12 people. [read more...]
Can coffee stunt your growth? No. While you may have been told this myth when you were little, there is actually no scientific evidence to back this claim. [read more...]
The Great Barrier Reef, the biggest reef in the world, is currently facing extinction. Before addressing this problem, scientists must first answer one question: what's causing this extinction? Today, they propose a number of different answers. [read more...]
UW-Madison recently created a new website, the STEM Diversity Network, that promotes connecting diverse people on campus in various STEM fields. The website compiles resources on science, technology, engineering, and math. [read more...]
It is more beneficial for a man to downplay the amount of work that went into his ideas, to act as if they just popped into his head. But for a woman, it is more beneficial to explain how much effort went into nurturing her ideas and developing them over time. Researchers in a joint project from Cornell University and Columbia Teachers College recently unveiled these problematic patterns in a series of three studies. [read more...]
Space is filled with countless, marvelous stars. For many centuries, scientists have worked to uncover the many details that make stars so appealing. [read more...]
Many people in our modern world find themselves relying on fitness devices, such as Fitbits or Apple Watches, to keep track of their exercise and fitness goals. But a recent study suggests that using this technology alone does not always cause weight loss. [read more...]
Mildred Dresselhaus, “Queen of Carbon” and famous physicist, died at the age of 86 on February 20, 2017. She was beloved by professors and students at the Massachussetts Institute of Technology and remembered as the school's groundbreaking first fully-tenured female professor. Dresselhaus mentored many and achieved a number of great feats before her death. [read more...]
Some fascinating insect species can blend in with dead leaves, flowers, and dry grass. These creatures use camouflage for two purposes: to protect themselves from predators and to facilitate aggression toward other species. The different types of camouflage include protective resemblance, active, passive, and crypsis. [read more...]
Everything in the world is made up of one or more elements. The Periodic Table of Elements charts all the different elements and their characteristics. It is organized by each element's mass. [read more...]
Woolly mammoths lived during the Ice Age and disappeared from the Earth around 4,000 years ago. Some scientists are now claiming that they are on the verge of bringing these animals back to life, but in a modified form. Using genetic engineering, these scientists will attempt to resurrect woolly mammoths. [read more...]
For decades, self-driving cars were the stuff of science fiction. Today, Tesla and Google are experimenting with self-driving cars. While trials of these vehicles have seen success, perfection remains elusive. [read more...]
People all over the world took notice when Neil Armstrong became the first man to step on the moon in 1969. However, a far smaller population knows of Margaret Hamilton’s contribution to the Apollo 11 mission and moon landing. Recent national interest in understanding the historic role of women in science has generated new enthusiasm for Hamilton’s work. [read more...]
Crocodiles are huge reptilian killer machines with tails, bones, and jaws built to hunt. [read more...]
Albert Einstein was a renowned physicist and remains one of the most famous scientists to this day. His findings, especially his General Theory of Relativity, completely re-shaped the way the world views the universe. [read more...]
What would happen if scientists had the ability to eliminate diseases transmitted to humans, like malaria? [read more...]
Diseases prevent the body from working properly, but you might not know you have a disease until you start experiencing symptoms. [read more...]
All animals require oxygen, but they don’t all get it the same way. Animals get oxygen in a number of ways. Aquatic life, like fish, typically breathe through gills. Gills are flaps located on both sides of the fish or in its mouth. As water flows into its gills, a fish absorbs oxygen through its red blood cells. [read more...]
Diamonds are notoriously beautiful, expensive, and luxurious. And now, they're also lab-made. Yes, that's right—that sparkling gem found deep within the Earth can now be produced by scientists. [read more...]
You might just think that plants are pretty and nice to smell. But they also create the oxygen that allows us to breathe and survive. These life-giving creatures are separated into two main categories: vascular and non-vascular. [read more...]
Because of the Clean Air Act of 1970, Wisconsin has some of the cleanest air in the world, said Tracey Holloway, University of Wisconsin-Madison environmental studies professor. To monitor the chemicals in the air, NASA launched the Health and Air Quality Applied Sciences Team, led by environmental studies professor Holloway. Staffed with experts from prestigious institutions across the nation, their project aims to make environmental satellite data more accessible to people around the world. [read more...]
Nicholas Brandley, a teacher at the Colorado College, ran an experiment to find out why the black widow spider sports a bright red belly. [read more...]
Although the Sun and Moon may appear to be similar from a distance, the two are actually very different. The Sun is a large ball of gas that is full of energy and heat. Seventy-three percent of the Sun is made of hydrogen, while 25 percent of it is helium. The remaining two percent is made up of traces of approximately 60 other elements. [read more...]
Although the Sun and Moon may appear to be similar from a distance, the two are actually very different. The Sun is a large ball of gas that is full of energy and heat. Seventy three percent of the Sun is made of hydrogen, while 25 percent of it is helium. The remaining two percent is made up of traces of approximately 60 other elements. [read more...]
There are many planets in the universe, but there aren’t many that can sustain life. Recently, scientists and astronomers have started looking for and finding planets that are potentially habitable. [read more...]
Did you know that the four lakes of Wisconsin were created by glaciers? Glaciers are huge sheets of ice. Madison was once covered by a glacier as tall as five Capitol buildings stacked on top of each other. Each year, the glacier moved forward, pushing tons of sand and gravel, changing the landscape as it moved. [read more...]
At the University of Minnesota (UM) in Dakota County, agricultural researchers set up an eight- armed drone to send 200 feet in the air to begin its task. The drone is on the front line of their scientific explorations. Scientists at the UM are testing low-flying drones for their ability to find aphids, a grasshopper-like bug that ravages plants in the Upper Midwest. [read more...]
For thousands of years, humans have been watching the sky. They’ve mastered the patterns of the stars and can easily find constellations like the zodiacs, Pleiades, the Big Dipper, Orion, and many other star clusters. Ancient people knew their way around the night sky; if you want to learn to be as skilled in astronomy and stargazing as they were, follow these tips below. [read more...]
In the world of technology, black Americans are at a disadvantage. According to Information is Beautiful, an online infographic text, there are significantly fewer black Americans than white Americans working in the top U.S. companies. This statistic is evident in the texts list of the racial diversity in said companies, including Instagram, YouTube, and Google. [read more...]
A recent discovery from a Dane County study found that targeting residual sludge might be the key to mitigating phosphorus pollution in the waterways of southern Wisconsin. This has spurred immediate action by the county, and a new plan by Dane County Executive, Joe Parisi may make waves in Wisconsin environmental efforts. [read more...]
New research shows that dyslexia is not just about language and reading, but more related to brain functions. Dyslexia is a disability that can cause confusion while reading and writing. [read more...]
On December 8, 2016, America bade farewell to an American legend. John Glenn, senator, lifelong pilot, decorated war veteran, and one of NASA’s first astronauts passed away in his home state of Ohio. [read more...]
Did you know that the force of gravity travels at the speed of light? Gravity is the invisible glue that pulls us down to the ground. It was first discovered and named by Isaac Newton in the 17th century. Since this time, many scientists, and researchers have theorized about gravity. In 1937, for example, physicist Paul Dirac suggested that gravity itself might actually be changing very slowly over time. [read more...]
Wisdom teeth can be a real pain when they try to squeeze into your mouth. Most people end up getting them removed. So the big question is, why do humans even have these pesky teeth in the first place? [read more...]
The Sun is one of the largest stars in our galaxy. It lies 149.6 million kilometers away from Earth. Unlike other stars, the sun is not seen as a little point of light in the sky. Made out of large amounts of gases—92.1 percent hydrogen and about eight percent helium—the Sun gives life to all creatures on the Earth. We see this important star so differently than many others because it's actually a lot closer to us than the majority of other stars. [read more...]
Did you know that Louis Pasteur helped get germs out of milk? Louis Pasteur, French chemist and microbiologist, was born on December 27, 1822, in Dole, France. He lived with his father in Arbois, France. Not a very good student but an excellent artist, Pasteur earned a bachelor’s degree in arts in 1840, and another one in science in 1842. He received his doctorate from the École Normale in Paris. Pasteur spent years researching and teaching at Dijon Lycée before he became a professor of chemistry at the University of Strasbourg. [read more...]
German Shepherds are one of the most popular breeds of dogs in the United States. They are friendly, strong, protective, and loyal. German shepherds are big dogs. They generally grow to be around two feet wide, if measuring from the shoulder blade, and they weigh somewhere between 50 and 90 pounds. They have large pointy ears, which usually stand up straight. Their fur color is mostly tan and black, or reddish and black. They have a double coat of fur which keeps them warm. [read more...]
Scientists suspect that the Milky Way may have dwarf galaxies all around it. One of these galaxies is known as "Segue 2." Segue 2 is an abnormally small galaxy located right outside of our galaxy, the Milky Way. This dwarf galaxy only has 1,000 stars; they are held together by a clump of dark matter. First discovered in 2009, Segue 2 is primarily known for its unique size. [read more...]
Drawing a heart shape may seem easy, but the real heart is a complex organ. [read more...]
Fungi are such unique organisms that they have their own kingdom. Different types of fungi care found throughout the world, in places such as Antarctica, the Amazon Jungle, in the rainforest, the Gobi desert, and even in our own backyards. Fungi are advantageous and disadvantageous: some are used to treat and help cure diseases, but others are the cause of some diseases. [read more...]
Scientists use various techniques to save endangered animals that will, or could, become extinct. [read more...]
The ocean is home to many different animals from big to small. Leafy sea dragons, one aquatic species, are fish that look a lot like seaweed. They are not strong swimmers, which is why they float with the current of the ocean. They are found in shallow coastal waters around Australia and feed on sea lice and other tiny creatures. They can also lay up to 250 eggs at a time. [read more...]
Every moment, millions of signals pass through the brain and carry all kinds of messages. The brain controls feelings, emotions, and motion. It also receives information from the senses and helps to put them together into thoughts and memories. [read more...]
Robots can do many things humans can, and many things human cannot. For example, robots can deal with dangerous substances and explore outer space. Depending on how they're programmed they can be gentle enough to hold glass or strong enough to lift a car. They have been programmed to assemble a computer and perform surgery using artificial intelligence. [read more...]
Can you imagine printing your dinner? 3D printing technology might soon have the power to do just that—and so much more. [read more...]
The element carbon is one of the most abundant elements on Earth. People have known about its existence since ancient times, and it still has many uses today. [read more...]
Teenagers today are known for their irritable, impulsive behavior and constant craving of gratification. Teen minds are wired to be impatient. But why? [read more...]
In 1901, astronomer A. E. Douglas had an idea about how to study the effect of sunspot cycles on the Earth. Little did he know that this very idea would ultimately lead to some important discoveries. [read more...]
Quasars are huge, energetic, mysterious objects in space. Modern technology has allowed humans to understand these objects better. Quasars create a massive amount of light, allowing them to be seen from great distances. [read more...]
Did you know that the largest and heaviest reptile is the Komodo dragon? The only place you can find this wild beast is on Indonesia's Lesser Sunda Islands. [read more...]
Pluto used to be characterized as the ninth planet but, in 2006, scientists revoked Pluto’s full-fledged planet status. Instead they classified it as a dwarf planet. True to this new name, Pluto’s diameter is 1,432 miles, which makes it more than 1,500 miles smaller in diameter than Mercury, the smallest planet. [read more...]
There are many fun things to do during winter, such as snowmobiling and skiing. However, it is possible for winter sports enthusiasts to misjudge weather conditions and get hurt or killed by an avalanche. Today, avalanches kill about 30 people each year; where in the 1950s, this number was much smaller – only four a year. [read more...]
En un lago disecado en el desierto del Sahara en el Chad, hay restos de peces milenarios a punto de empezar su viaje a la selva amazónica. Los científicos han descubierto que el viento fuerte de Chad lleva restos de estos peces en un viaje transtlatico. Este aire que contiene el polvo de los huesos y escamas de los peces, provee apatita, fósforo, y fosfato, elementos importantes para la vegetación amazónica. El fósforo de los peces muertos ayuda avanzar y a alimentar a los árboles y plantas de la selva. Esta transmison de nutrición también traerá más oxigeno. [read more...]
In the early 1960s, President John F. Kennedy told Americans that it was time to go to the moon. Nine years later, Neil Armstrong was the first human to ever walk on the moon. [read more...]
Some studies suggest that technology is mentally and physically isolating us from each other and this view has certainly gained momentum in the 21st century. On a daily basis, humans often communicate with the touch of a finger or by bringing a device to their ears. But are our devices eliminating our most basic communication skills? Have we become so attached to technology that it has begun to overshadow and even eliminate our face-to-face interactions? [read more...]
An earthquake can occur at any moment with little to no warning. But where, how, and why do these frightening phenomena happen? California was once the state with the most earthquakes. Now, however, Oklahoma has stolen this reputation. In 2014, the number and magnitude of earthquakes in Oklahoma increased due to both natural and unnatural causes. [read more...]
Frogs are a very interesting species. Some odd frogs include the turtle frog, the turquoise poison dart frog, and the South American horned frog. While these frogs are all part of the same species, each sub-species has its own unique qualities. [read more...]
Technology in cars has advanced throughout the decades, with improvements in fuel-efficiency and design. But the evolution of car engines has brought about a controversial enhancement: fake engine noise. [read more...]
We've all heard of Galileo Galilei, but how did he become a famous inventor in the first place? Galileo was born in Pisa, Italy on February 15, 1564. At the age of 10, he was sent to school at the Monastery of Vallombrosa. His father, Vincenzo, took him out of school at the age of 14, because he worried that his son would become a poor man. Vincenzo then sent Galileo to Florence to spend a few years with tutors. [read more...]
Found in between Mars and Jupiter, many asteroids are made up of rocks and left over metal. They have a dusty layer of shattered rock on their cratered surfaced, and they can be as big as 567 miles in diameter. [read more...]
Saturn's rings are among the most beautiful things in the solar system. There have been different opinions about Saturn's rings, over the years. When astronomer Galileo Galilei thought that Saturn’s rings were two large moons. Christiaan Huygens, another astronomer, thought the so-called “moons” were an encircling ring structure. [read more...]
Volcanoes are one of the world’s most fascinating natural features. Although they are majestic and breathtaking, their beauty comes with destruction. Volcanoes have a lot going on outside and inside of them. Volcanologists study seismic data, ground deformation, and minerals in erupted lava to determine the classification of volcanoes. For example, a ‘fissure and rift volcano’ is a linear crack in the Earth from which magma has erupted. A ‘rift volcano’ is caused by eruptions that alternate from side to side. [read more...]
Humans have inhabited the Earth for millions of years, but how did we gain the ability to stand on two feet? Many would think the answer to “human bipedalism” – our ability to walk and stand on two feet – lies in the study of feet. Shockingly, however, recent research actually suggests that the trait may connect back to a tiny fish known as the threespine stickleback. [read more...]
The ground we walk on is only one level of the many-layered planet Earth. Each of the Earth's layers have different thicknesses and unique qualities. The surface of Earth is called the crust and stretches four miles beneath the oceans and 22 miles beneath land. The crust is on top of the lithosphere, which lies on top of the mantle [read more...]
The Megalodon, a much larger and scarier version of the Great White Shark, was the largest meat-eating fish that ever lived. These creatures existed about 20 million years ago and went extinct about two million years ago. [read more...]
Water pollution is unarguably one of Wisconsin’s biggest environmental problems. The state prides itself on clean lakes and rivers, yet many Wisconsinites are appalled at the findings in a recent report by the Department of Natural Resources (DNR). In a report, the DNR disclosed Wisconsin’s inability to enforce laws protecting drinking water due to a number of pollutants contaminating lakes and rivers. The pollutants are generated by concentrated animal feeding operations, also known as CAFOs. [read more...]
Did you know that a good apology has six different components? A new study completed by Ohio State University Fisher College of Business, revealed the ingredients of an effective apology. The study shows that those who incorporate more of these components into their apologies have a better chance of being forgiven. [read more...]
Have you ever dreamed about soaring through the sky? Using the flying rocket belt, better known as the jet pack, these dreams can become a reality. [read more...]
Scientists have recently discovered a way to predict facial features using a sample of DNA. The new technology, called DNA phenotyping, is used by law enforcement officials to 'reverse engineer' physical characteristics and as such, to catch a potential criminal. [read more...]
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), which consists of repetitive cycles of depression, can lead to temporary and even permanent brain damage. According to a recent study by the Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance, nearly 14.8 million American adults suffer from MDD annually. [read more...]
Wind—we cannot see it, but we can feel it. This natural phenomena is created by warmer air levitating to the sky and colder air sinking down. Warm air is lighter than cold air. Both warm air and cold air rotate as the cold air gets warm and begins to rise. This process creates wind. [read more...]
Germs are everywhere – on every surface we touch, on the foods we eat, and everywhere we go. But because they are invisible to the naked eye, we don't think of them until we get aches, chills, sore throats, or other ailments. Although we may not realize it, we've all been affected by either a bacterium or a virus--these are the germs that make us sick. Bacteria are so small that more than 1,000 of them can fit on the head of a pin. Viruses are even smaller; 10,000 of these can fit on the head of a pin. [read more...]
Malaria is a disease that has a lasting impact on people worldwide. It is estimated to affect more than 200 million people a year and of those, kills at least 660,000—most of whom are children. To solve this tropical and sub-tropical killer, a new vaccine is being launched by the pharmaceutical company GlaxoSmithKline (GSK). [read more...]
Over time, people have made clothes out of many varieties of material: cotton, silk, wool, and others. Recently, the MIT Media Lab took the art of making clothes to the next level. They invented a new type of material that uses bacteria to react to body moisture. [read more...]
Magnetism is an invisible force. It can affect metal materials, such as iron or steel, but does not affect non-metal materials like wood, paper, or plastic. All magnets have two sides. One side is called the north magnetic pole, and the other is the south magnetic pole. Magnets attract when a north magnetic pole faces a south magnetic pole. If two like poles face each other, they cancel out each other’s magnetism and do not attract. [read more...]
Does the language one think in or speak in determine how one perceived events? Does it affect how one notices things? A debate has raged on for over 70 years about whether language affects how people think. [read more...]
Wolves are ferocious, dangerous animals. These animals have 42 deadly teeth and powerful jaws, which they use when hunting together in packs. [read more...]
Bloodsuckers, bloodsuckers, bloodsuckers. They live all around the world—maybe even in your house. [read more...]
Plants don’t eat the way we do. Instead of heading to a grocery store, plants make their own food with sunlight. The complex process of turning sunlight into food energy is called photosynthesis. [read more...]
Ticks are feared throughout the states because of the diseases they carry, such as Lymes disease in the East and Rocky Mountains and spotted fever in the West. Now, thanks to a growing population of certain tick species, contracting one of these scary diseases may become more common. [read more...]
Animals, plants, birds, and insects display many different colors; blue, red, yellow, green, and more. Some living creatures are patterned, while others are multicolored. Their colors serve to ensure the survival of their species. [read more...]
Long gliding reptiles appeared more than 260 million years ago. [read more...]
Not Impossible Labs, a new high technology team in Venice, California, has invented the Brainwriter. The Brainwriter is a machine that will eventually allow people with paralysis to communicate through a laptop, using only their minds. [read more...]
For years, scientists have been asking why beluga whales blow bubbles. Though they are not sure of the answer, several theories have been formed over time. [read more...]
It is well known that humans have unique fingerprints. But did you know that our chins also set us apart? In fact, the only other species with a chin is the elephant. So why do we have a chin? And how did it get there in the first place? [read more...]
Whether you are a child or an adult, love is important for everyone - even animals. Unfortunately, not every animal has the opportunity to find love. [read more...]
Polar bears are in a crisis due to Arctic Ice melting in Canada, a 2016 study published by Canadian researchers in Arctic Science suggests. Three decades of melting ice has caused substantial weight loss among the Earth’s most southern group of polar bears, the study indicates. [read more...]
In the animal kingdom, different species have unique characteristics and tactics for survival. Some animals in particular rely on their shells. [read more...]
Human beings have been using energy from fire for thousands of years. There is evidence that late age stone cave dwellers kept their caves warm with fires which were kept alight for months or even years. These early people relied on fire, even though they did not know where it came from. In fact, they thought it was magic. [read more...]
Rare, pretty little stones, pearls have held the attention of people for centuries. [read more...]
Bivalves are well-known marine organisms. There are many bivalves that cover the ocean floor. Some types are clams, scallops, quahogs, oysters, mussels, and cockles. [read more...]
Ants of the Formica Fusca species have discovered a way to fight off harmful fungal infections. They have discovered that hydrogen peroxide, though normally very dangerous to them, can sometimes be salubrious or, good for their health. [read more...]
Regardless of what parents may think, a recent study shows a strong possibility that playing video games could make you smarter. The study tested 152 adolescents who played at least 12.6 hours a week. The study found that video game play is associated with greater “cortical thickness,” meaning greater density in specific brain areas that affect decision-making. [read more...]
According to a study from Northwestern University, music and audiobooks reduce pain in most patients after surgery. The study started with adults, but will be repeated to young adults and children. [read more...]
Billions of galaxies exist across the universe. Our home, Planet Earth, is located in a galaxy called the Milky Way. [read more...]
Lenses are used to see and visually document the world around us. The two main types of lenses are convex and concave. They are used in many different tools, reflecting and bending light to produce an image. Lenses work by moving light in different directions using refraction, forming a smaller or larger image. A beam of light may diverge or converge depending on the shape of the lens. [read more...]
Dinosaurs were huge animals that lived millions of years ago. Some of the dinosaurs were Tyrannosaurus Rex, the Ankylosaurus, the Torosaurus, and the Anototitans. [read more...]
Siberian Tigers, also known as Panthera Tigris Altica, are the biggest of the big cats. These creatures are among the most ferocious predators in the animal kingdom. They live in north-eastern China and North and South Korea. Like the closely related Snow leopard, Unicia unicia, Siberian Tigers thrive in extremely cold weather. [read more...]
Giraffes are like snowflakes – no two look alike. But giraffes share characteristics; they have huge hearts and tongues, to they only give birth to one calf and their “vulnerable” status. On average, giraffes tend to live 20-25 years. Like any other mammal, they have vertebrae. [read more...]
Did you know that the word “hippopotamus” is Greek for river horse? The horse and hippopotamus certainly have many similarities like wide nostrils and small ears; however, the hippopotamus more closely resembles a really big pig. [read more...]
What’s black, white, and fishy all over? The Short-Beaked Common Dolphin species, that’s who. The Short-Beaked Common Dolphins’ scientific name is Delphinus Delphi. Dolphins live in temperate and warm waters. They can reach six and a half to eight and a half feet in length and typically weigh 155 to 250 pounds. [read more...]
Spring has finally sprung. Hello flowers, bees, and honey! But how is honey made? Honey is a very versatile food. People use it to sweeten drinks and foods, eat it plain, or put it on food as a topping. However, there is a long process before this sweet goo ends up on your plate. [read more...]
Have you heard of the famous meat-eating plant? It’s called the Venus flytrap. Insects are attracted to the Venus flytrap for several reasons. The unique shape of its leaves appears inviting and safe. It also offers nectar. As soon as an insect nears the plant, its quick leaves spring to life. [read more...]
For years, spider silk was known as the strongest biological material, but a recent discovery has changed that. A new substance found in nature is five times stronger than spider silk: limpet teeth. Limpets are aquatic snails with extremely strong teeth. [read more...]
Deep inside planet Earth, stones are being formed into priceless gemstones. Whatever crystal or stone the Earth is making, it is regarded as a gemstone if worn as jewelry. [read more...]
Simpson Street Free Press is known for hosting academic panels and events throughout the year. Especially vital to the Free Press curriculum is our “Women in Science, Math, and Technology” series. This April, two nuclear engineering students from University of Wisconsin-Madison’s American Nuclear Society (ANS) came to SSFP’s South Towne newsroom to deliver another event in this series. [read more...]
Most people know to run at the first site of black and yellow stripes accompanied by a buzzing noise – the warning sound of your common bee. A recently discovered bee species, the Samba Turkana, comes without the tell-tale stripes, however. [read more...]
Paleontologists have argued over the years about whether dinosaurs were cold-blooded or warm-blooded. Due to varying evidence, multiple theories have emerged. [read more...]
Autism is a mysterious and complex disorder that affects one in 166 children annually. Its unknown origin makes it difficult to study. Autism is unique because of the way it alters the brain’s behavior. However, new research suggests the gut and the immune system are also hugely affected by autism. These findings suggest eating habits could be clues leading to the diagnosis of autism. [read more...]
Bananas are not just a healthy food and good source of potassium in people's diet. They can help humans in other ways too. For example, bananas can be used for electrical wiring and cosmetics. [read more...]
Some of our closest animal relatives, the chimpanzee and the bonobo, aren't just biologically similar. Whether it's letting out a groan or hitting things when angered or disappointed, apes act in similar ways to humans when frustrated. [read more...]
The Sonoran Desert, in the southwestern United States and northwestern Mexico, is home to the Saguaro Cactus. [read more...]
Would you believe that chimps can cook? Well they can! [read more...]
Viruses are mysterious. They can survive almost any environment on earth and have the uncanny ability to duplicate themselves and exist for centuries. They do not need food, water, or even air to survive. Even though we know so much about viruses, we still have a lot of learning to do to uncover all of their mysteries. [read more...]
People around Wisconsin often don’t get to witness a Chesapeake in the wild. The blue crab is native to Western Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Mexico. Somehow, a Chesapeake turned up in the northern waters of the Mississippi River. The crab had traveled over 1,000 miles through river dams. Remarkably, it survived. [read more...]
In the depths of the ocean, tectonic plates can move around and create mountain ranges called mid-ocean ridges. Volcanoes and underwater chimneys can also be created in seas and oceans. [read more...]
Ruling the ocean with eight legs, stalking prey while hiding in plain sight, using complex brains to release crabs out of cages, and ejecting poison and midnight-blue ink, octopuses are one of the smart and most intriguing animals in the world. [read more...]
While people generally understand that some animals are intelligent—defining intelligence as possessing “the capacity to solve problems”—it is not generally known that plants are as well. In 1880, Charles Darwin wrote The Power of Movement in Plants, in which he discussed how plants demonstrate intelligence through movement. Until recently, the book was largely ignored and the idea of plant intelligence dismissed. However Stefano Mancuso, and Italian botanist and professor at the University of Florence, recently set out to show that plants should be seen as more than food for wildlife or decoration. [read more...]
In the year 1900, pieces of an ancient device that would come to be known as the Antikythera mechanism were discovered under the sea by sponge divers and taken to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece. [read more...]
Different regions call hurricanes by different names. In North America and the Caribbean, they are mostly known as hurricanes. But in Australia, they are known as “willy-willies.” No matter what we call them, they are very dangerous storms that affect tropical areas. These powerful storms can kill or injure people and destroy buildings along the coast. [read more...]
Did you know that there were some dinosaurs that had feathers? Scientists believe that birds evolved from feathered dinosaurs [read more...]
Did you know lightning strikes the earth 100 times per second? When lightning strikes the positive and negative air molecules that surround the lightning bolt are so hot, a small explosion occurs! The quick movement of the air surroundings the bolt makes the roaring sound we know as thunder. [read more...]
A circle of volcanoes marks the boundaries of the Pacific tectonic plate. Scientists call it a Ring of Fire. [read more...]
Being able to balance is crucial. But like many day-to-day functions, people do not think about balance all the time. It is not until they start to lose this ability that they realize how important it is. Around 30,000 people in America suffer from dizziness each day because of damage to the organs that manage balance. To combat this, scientists are developing an ear implant that could potentially cure dizziness. [read more...]
Unlike most beetles, giraffe weevils have long necks. This unique species has many other interesting characteristics to learn about, too! [read more...]
Known for their speed, dragonflies and peregrine falcons are animals that have learned to adapt to the world that surrounds them. [read more...]
Nuclear energy, produced by the combination of protons and neutrons inside atomic nuclei, is the energy that allows stars to shine so brightly. Two kinds of reactions release this energy: fission and fusion. [read more...]
The thought of surgery is gruesome, but just imagine being awake while tangerine-sized flaps of your skull are cut open. [read more...]
Have you ever wondered what the inside of a technology company looks like and what goes on there? Recently, Simpson Street Free Press student reporters had the opportunity to visit Hardin Design and Development (HDD), a Madison software and application firm founded in 2008. Vice President and Co-founder of HDD Scott Resnick and HDD employee Anouson Bounket led us on a tour of the start-up company. We also had the chance to sit down with them and ask questions about what it’s like to work in the tech industry. [read more...]
For a long time, scientists classified fungi and mushrooms as part of the plant kingdom. Now, however, researchers believe these organisms are more closely related to animals because their cell walls contain chitin, which is also found in insects and aquatic animals. [read more...]
Being a paleontologist is like being a detective; you have to search for all the puzzle pieces in order to solve the mystery. You also have to take chances, and sometimes you will discover something new and surprising. It can also be painstaking and difficult. However, one man, Nizar Ibrahim, did not give up until his paleontological mystery was solved. [read more...]
Being a paleontologist is like being a detective; you have to search for all the puzzle pieces in order to solve the mystery. You also have to take chances, and sometimes you will discover something new and surprising. It can also be painstaking and difficult. However, one man, Nizar Ibrahim, did not give up until his paleontological mystery was solved. [read more...]
Pollution and waste cost lots of money. However, there are tips to save money and the environment. Reducing the ecological footprint should be a goal for everyone. [read more...]
According to the American Cancer Society, over five hundred thousand Americans will die of cancer this year. Chemotherapy has been an important weapon against cancer. In fact, it has helped to reduce the number of deaths by about twenty percent over two decades. [read more...]
Do you know someone with diabetes, heart disease, hypertension, or cancer? Then you know the misery and death these diseases cause. Who knew the remedy for such diseases might lie in toxins from the venom of Gila monsters, snakes, scorpions, or cone snails? The “molecular gifts” of these animals can kill; but, in these cases, their poisons have already produced powerful medicines to treat diseases and hold promise for treatments and cures in the future. [read more...]
Researchers are working to find truths, dispel rumors, and give consumers the facts about how diet soda affects one’s health. [read more...]
Water is an important factor in cave formation. It finds its way through cracks, dissolves, and melts, creating caves all over the world. [read more...]
En toda la Unión Europea sólo hay tres países que tienen el mismo número de mujeres que de hombres trabajando en las ciencias y en la ingeniería. Estos tres países son Letonia, Lituania y Polonia. Esto no parece justo, pero ahora, ¿es mejor que en el pasado? [read more...]
Recently, paleoanthropologists discovered evidence that suggests Homo erectus used fire one million years ago. Prior to this important discovery, scientists theorized fire had been used back then but had no direct evidence. [read more...]
The stegosaurs were very strange looking creatures. These herbivorous animals had small heads and huge bodies. Since they were not very fast, they relied on their tough skin—used like body armor to protect themselves. [read more...]
As medical technology continues to advance, scientists are excited to announce that they may soon have the ability to create human organs from stem cells. Currently, teams are focusing on fabricating human livers. [read more...]
Some people have grown up believing that eating food like ice cream, chicken soup, and mac and cheese can lift their spirits. But is this actually true? Recently, scientists have indicated that this is, in fact, false. [read more...]
Language is remarkable. Today, there are over six thousand known languages spoken throughout the world. In the remote territories of northern Australia, natives of the small village of Lajamanu have even invented their own language. [read more...]
Ever since newts were discovered 250 years ago, scientists have theorized that a newt’s ability to regenerate body parts declines as it grows older. However, this theory was contradicted by a study completed in 2010. [read more...]
There are four small planets in our solar system: Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars. While these planets are each littler than the rest, they also have distinct and unique traits. [read more...]
The stegosaurs were very strange looking creatures. These herbivorous animals had small heads and huge bodies. Since they were not very fast, they relied on their tough skin—used like body armor to protect themselves. [read more...]
As the global population continues to expand, demands for energy have skyrocketed. With Earth’s limited supplies of fossil fuels, however, it is apparent that new forms of renewable energy must be found and developed in order to meet these demands. [read more...]
When the expected summer storms blew in this past June, they brought with them certain, familiar smells. Many people simply describe the scent as "the smell of rain." However, this odor is actually the smell of ozone, petrichor, and geosmin–the most common scents emitted before, during, and after a storm. [read more...]
Within the past year, scientists have discovered and named 18,000 new species, only a small fraction of the estimated ten million yet to be discovered. A global committee of taxonomists and experts from the International Institute for Species Exploration recently announced the top 10 most interesting species discovered during the past year. [read more...]
Even though the infamous nuclear disaster at the Ukrainian Chernobyl plant happened almost 30 years ago, life around this epicenter is still affected by the explosion. [read more...]
Pregnant women often strive to maintain healthy diets. A new study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition supports that this is beneficial for both woman and child. In fact, this study indicates that an expectant woman’s healthy diet not only positively influences her health but also offers the baby benefits for years following its birth. [read more...]
The practice of stem cell research has existed for almost two decades, since the first successful embryonic stem cell growth (ESC) in 1998. Following this, stem cells have led scientists to many significant breakthroughs in the medical field. [read more...]
Decreases in Arctic ice have scientists wondering if this melting could affect local weather patterns. Shrinking to the size of Texas in 2012, arctic ice is at a record low and may explain recent, more intense weather in Wisconsin [read more...]
Researchers in Boston are looking for an effective way to counteract resistance to prostate cancer treatment by comparing mice and men. Working out of a tiny mouse hospital at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, these researches are equipped with miniature ultrasound machines, MRI machines, CT and PET scanners, clinical laboratories, and pharmacies. [read more...]
The possibility of an asteroid hitting the Earth is real, but unlikely. In fact, scientists have spotted over 500 asteroids whose orbits cross the Earth’s. However, they have lost sight of most of these asteroids over time. [read more...]
The first-ever symposium about the future of zoos was held in Buffalo, New York. The conference, which discussed topics ranging from new designs for zoos to bioengineering the animals, was attended by zoo directors, animal behaviorists, conservationists, and architects. [read more...]
The last eight years have seen a great decline in the honeybee population. Currently, President Obama is stepping up to address this problem. In the past few years, researchers have been working to understand why millions of bees have been leaving their homes and not coming back. This phenomenon is called colony collapse disorder (CCD). [read more...]
It’s no wonder The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks—Rebecca Skloot's non-fiction account of theft, disease, exploitation, and science—became a bestseller. This shocking text tells the story of Henrietta Lacks, a woman incapable of telling it herself. [read more...]
Carp, a non-native species of fish, are polluting lakes and marshes almost everywhere in North America. Fast growing aquatic creatures, carp can reach 10 to 11 inches, outgrow their predators, and live for decades. [read more...]
Plants do not talk, but they can communicate. Plants' communication is chemical. For example, trees, flowers, and tomatoes release chemical compounds into the air. When released, these compounds warn other, neighboring plants about diseases so they can defend themselves. It remains a mystery, however, how these plants receive and react to these warnings. [read more...]
Evolution is the way an organism changes over time. This change ultimately produces a species that is distinct from an organism’s early ancestors. Many experts think that the species on Earth today have arose and formed from simple organisms that first appeared three billion years ago. [read more...]
A teenager from Dorseyville Middle School, in Pennsylvania recently discovered a way to save the government millions of dollars. The solution: a change in font type. [read more...]
Throw an object, like a ball, into space from Earth at an approximate speed of 25,000 miles per hour. The object would have enough momentum to escape Earth's gravity and reach outer space. This speed is scientifically referred to as an escape velocity and differs for all gravitational fields. The more mass a planet or star has, the stronger its gravitational field, thus the greater its escape velocity. Black holes' masses are so large that their theoretical escape velocity is greater than the speed of light, making them appear colorless or black. [read more...]
During a recent tour of the newly expanded Aldo Leopold Nature Center, executive director Camille Zanoni shared some alarming data with Free Press student writers. Zanoni said that children spend only one percent of their time outside. This directly correlates with a rise in childhood obesity, depression, ADD/ADHD, and cardiovascular problems. [read more...]
About 1.8 million years ago, there was a turning point in the evolutionary history of humans. [read more...]
A jar of sweet peas might be the key to determining the seasonal conditions that led to the “Atlantis” volcanic eruption on the island of Santorini, Greece. A recent evaluation of evidence found at the eruption site, published in the journal Naturwissenschaften, re-opened this cold case. [read more...]
Neanderthals, sometimes known as cavemen, were once thought to be dim-witted. Until recently, the possibility of cavemen having artistic talents was simply out of the question. Neanderthals were thought to be incapable of creating Paleolithic art. However, new evidence suggests Neanderthals were more cultured than we thought. [read more...]
Yawning is frequently associated with boredom or drowsiness. Yawning can also be contagious. Like a mirror effect, when someone yawns, it is likely that someone near him or her will yawn back. Furthermore, a study conducted by the University of Pisa and the Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies (ISTC-CNR) of Rome revealed that yawning can be used to evaluate how strong emotional bonds are between people. [read more...]
When I felt my mouth and tongue burning after eating copious amounts of fresh pineapple, I panicked. What if I am allergic to one of my favorite foods? When will the tingling stop? As a biochemistry student, I guessed the burning might have been caused by natural acids in the fruit, but nature had me fooled. [read more...]
Recently, scientists of the University at Geneva declared the finding of a planet orbiting Alpha Centauri B, our sun’s nearest neighbor. The planet has a mass similar to Earth’s, a key feature vital for human survival. Although the planet is much too close to its sun to sustain life, it gives astronomers and space junkies alike hope that there are more planets near it that fit the requirements to host living things. A closer analysis of this mystery planet, however, is causing scientists to question its existence. [read more...]
While staring out into the black night sky, you can often see that Venus is one of the brightest objects in your view. Venus is the second planet from the sun and is similar to Earth in size and mass. It’s also known as Earth’s twin sister. Both planets were born at about the same time, formed by similar materials, and had similar atmospheres. [read more...]
By using tricks of light and smell, some plants in this world are not friends to insects. These carnivorous plants catch and consume insects to supplement their diets much as humans use vitamins. They need these additives because they live in waterlogged ground that lacks essential nutrients. [read more...]
Drugs are commonly prescribed by doctors to help people who are sick or injured. Many of them have been used for thousands of years in various forms and combinations. [read more...]
Humans are warm-blooded, which means we can generate our own heat. Reptiles are cold-blooded; they cannot generate their own heat. [read more...]
The misuse and overuse of antibiotics has created new strains of more resistant, and even deadly bacteria. Recently, the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) published a list of the three most urgent antibiotic-caused bacteria: Clostridium difficile (C. diff), Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), and drug-resistant gonorrhea. [read more...]
Did you know that a volcano can create a new island in a matter of days? [read more...]
Researchers recently revived a 400-year-old moss from a melting glacier in the High Canadian Arctic. Scientists thought that the old plants living under the glacier were all dead. All new growth in the gap created by the receding glacier was assumed to be by modern plants. They discovered these plants were in fact alive and spreading spores. Theses plants regrew in the laboratory after being preserved for hundreds of years. All new growth in the gap created by the receding glacier was assumed to be by modern plants. [read more...]
Cancer may be a much older disease than scientists thought. A surprising discovery in Croatia revealed a 120,000-year-old Neanderthal specimen with bone cancer. Prior to this discovery, the oldest fossils known to have bone cancer were between 1,000 and 4,000 years old. [read more...]
Since the discovery of its structure in the 1950’s, scientists have been decoding our DNA. Our DNA contains genes, the unique ingredients that help determine what traits we possess and who we become. One complete set of genes, containing all the ingredients for one human, is a genome. Until recently, scientists believed that each human contained only one. [read more...]
Although the Monarch butterfly is the most well known, there are over 15,000 species of butterflies and moths. [read more...]
The discovery in China of a new species of dinosaur has created more questions than answers. [read more...]
Often at the North and South Poles of the Earth, colorful light emerges from the sky and dances with the stars. This light is what we know to be auroras. [read more...]
At 17 years of age, many of us have barely reached our first rites of passage, let alone our expiration dates. But at 17, the periodical cicada ends its life, making it the longest living insect. [read more...]
Scientists at the University of Michigan recently engineered an important conductor made of gold nanoparticles and an elastic polymer. But what looks like a shiny piece of gold foil and stretches like a rubber band could potentially be made into electrode implants for the brain or the heart. [read more...]
Scientists have confirmed the discovery of the oldest rock art in North America. Etched as long as 14,800 years ago, these carvings, or petroglyphs, were found at Winnemucca Lake in Nevada. [read more...]
Pickling is an interesting and ancient process. Pickles come in many different types, shapes and sizes. [read more...]
Do you know the difference between a swamp and a marsh? There is one main difference: swamps contain trees and shrubbery, while marshes are waterlogged areas without trees. More land dwelling animals live in swamps, while marshes are home to a variety of birds. [read more...]
A shark known as the dogfish can supply a cure for various viral diseases. [read more...]
Wind is the movement of air. Air moves because of differences in the pressure system. Wind blows from places of higher pressure to places of lower pressure. When it is cold, the air pressure is higher than when it is warm. High winds can form hurricanes, tornadoes, and typhoons. [read more...]
Developed in 1990 by Lyle Hill and Bob Heidman, the Adult Role Models in Science program, better known as ARMS, is a partnership between children and adults handled by the UW-Madison Institute for Biology Education. Their mission is to improve science education in elementary and middle schools through long-term community collaboration. [read more...]
For many years scientists have been puzzled by the origin of snakes. DNA analysis indicates that snakes are related to monitor lizards and iguanas. Snakes look more similar to worm lizards, an earthworm-like animal. [read more...]
These days, most of the fish you find in Wisconsin’s lakes and elsewhere have jaws. But in ancient times, most fish were jawless and sucked up their prey through their mouths. It was not until 420 million years ago, during the Devonian period, that fish jaws evolved. [read more...]
More than 30,000 years ago, an Ice Age squirrel hid its fruits and seeds in an underground burrow. Recently, a team of scientists led by Svetlana Yashin, of the Institute of Cell Biophysics at the Russian Academy of Sciences, resurrected a flower from the fruit tissue remains of this squirrel’s hidden treasure. [read more...]
A new discovery suggests that about 1.8 million years ago there were several pre-human species living in Africa. The species Homo Erectus is believed to be our direct ancestor. But now it seems possible humans had two additional relatives. [read more...]
Last spring, I graduated from Memorial High School. I will be starting my first semester at the University of Wisconsin-Madison this fall, where I hope to study biochemistry and microbiology. One of my most memorable high school moments, a group demonstration in AP Chemistry class, might have given me a good taste of what I’ll learn about in a college chemistry class. [read more...]
Recently, a group of Simpson Street Free Press reporters and I took a trip to the UW Madison’s L.R. Ingersoll Physics Museum located in Chamberlin Hall. The museum featured hands-on physics demonstrations that appeal to young and old audiences alike. The exhibits were fascinating, and really grabbed our attention. We knew right away that this was a story we wanted to cover. The experiments that take place here explain physics in a way that even a younger child can understand. It is a place of exploration and discovery. [read more...]
I sometimes lose my train of thought— as do many others. And what can we blame for this maddening behavior? According to science, the culprit is the anterior temporal lobe (ATL). [read more...]
Almost everyone considers the common louse a pesky little critter. But now scientists have discovered that they are more useful than first thought. [read more...]
Adult mammals sleep for varying numbers of hours per day. However, sometimes these numbers can be drastically different among species. Recent studies show that there is a relationship between average sleep and an animals’ survival needs. [read more...]
For almost three years Charles Bentley has been digging a hole. [read more...]
A study that followed approximately 100,000 nurses for up to 30 years demonstrates that women who consume three or more alcohol drinks per week show an elevated risk of breast cancer. This new research finds a link between drinking and breast cancer that is not necessarily causal; it is only correlational. No conclusive proof supports the notion that drinking causes breast cancer. [read more...]
More people than ever are thinking about ways to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions. Some scientists suggest that cutting back on our meat diets would help. The raising of livestock like pigs and cows occupies two-thirds of the world’s farmland and causes 20 percent of greenhouse gases according to some estimates. [read more...]
There are only about 300 Indochinese tigers in the world. About 100 of them live in Thailand, Lao PDR, and perhaps 30 living in Vietnam. The population in Myanmar is currently unknown. Although they originate in China, the last known Indochinese tiger spotted in China was killed and eaten in 2007 by a poacher. [read more...]
When a person falls asleep, they experience a series of sensations, which they generally have no control over. This is known as dreaming. When people dream, they generally are not aware that they are in this state. However, in the phenomenon of lucid dreaming, people are aware. [read more...]
“Whether these particular birds went extinct after humans arrived, we don’t know and the trick is we don’t have a lot of fossils,” says Nicholas R. Longrich, a paleontologist at Yale. He is talking about the Xenicibus Xympithecus. [read more...]
Penguin researchers have long debated the accuracy of the flipper bands used to track penguins and study their migration patterns. A recent study now raises ethical questions about the use of these bands. [read more...]
Researchers have discovered one of the earliest dinosaurs. Scientists recently unearthed a small, and formally very vicious, dinosaur called Eodromaeus. This species lived about 230 million years ago, a time when dinosaurs were just starting to populate Earth. Eodromaeus weighed up to 14 pounds and was about four feet long. This new study will be published in the journal Science. [read more...]
When you think of people who have succeeded in math and science, many of us normally think of Einstein, Isaac Newton or Galileo. Are you surprised that they are all men? The history books have not had much to say about women and the sciences. [read more...]
Most people know about ordinary volcanoes, but many have not heard about unique supervolcanoes. These extremely rare volcanoes are the worlds most powerful. They are rated number eight—the highest figure on the Volcanic Explosivity Index. [read more...]
Building artificial organs from individual cells is a difficult task for scientists. However, medical may soon successfully meet this medical challenge using a new process: micromasonry. [read more...]
Over the last year, Wisconsin’s wolf population has grown by about ten percent. The Department of Natural Resources (DNR) counted at least 180 wolf packs in the state. Though some packs consist of as few as two wolves, 52 of Wisconsin’s wolf packs include at least five individuals. The state’s largest wolf pack is the eleven wolf Moose Road pack, which roams the forests of Douglas County. [read more...]
The zebra mussel is native to the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. However during the past 20 years this species has found a way to the Great Lakes, Mississippi River, and California. [read more...]
Five years ago Harvard University President Larry Somers sparked a nation-wide controversy when he said that women and girls may not have the same aptitude for math and science as their male counterparts. Part of what made these comments so controversial is that Somers is a well-known national figure. He currently serves as a Senior Economic Advisor with the Obama Administration. [read more...]
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently blocked the sale of the first over-the-counter personal genetics tests. This product was scheduled to hit the shelves of Walgreens and CVS Pharmacies this year. Many would have been thrilled with this opportunity to test their likelihood of developing genetic diseases. The FDA, however, certainly wasn’t jumping for joy. [read more...]
Traditionally, when a cavity was discovered in a tooth, a dentist had to drill through the tooth to treat it. But a new tool has been developed that stops early-stage cavities. It is called the Icon system, and was developed by the dental-materials manufacturer DMG. [read more...]
The nutria is a furry, rat-like rodent that has been invading the southern wetlands of the United States. Originally from South America, nutria were brought here in the 1930s and ‘40s and bred for their fur. When fur went out of style, many were released into the wild. [read more...]
Fifteen years ago, a peace treaty between Israel and Jordan started a scientific cooperation between the two countries. As a result of this cooperation, a new species of desert spider has been found. The Cerbalus aravensis was recently discovered in the Sands of Samar, a dune area on the border of Israel and Jordan. [read more...]
All over the world, plants and animals of different species from varied environments reproduce. One thing that is different across species is the mechanism that determines gender. [read more...]
Shy, swift, and elusive, tree frogs leap from tree to tree with amazing agility, making them difficult for humans to observe. Wisconsin is home to two different species of tree frogs: the eastern gray (hyla versicolor) and the Cope’s gray (hyla chrysoscelis). [read more...]
Ten years ago, Paul Sereno of the University of Chicago led a team of paleontologists into the Sahara Desert. During the expedition, these scientists found the remains of the largest known crocodile ever to walk the Earth. They dubbed their new discovery SuperCroc. [read more...]
When we envision a dinosaur catching its prey, we usually imagine a ferocious T-Rex viciously clawing, biting, and gulping down some poor animal. But one dinosaur in particular appears to have used a very different technique. [read more...]