Reptiles and Amphibians Prove To Be Unique

by Rafa Pacheco, age 10

Many people think that reptiles and amphibians are the same, but they are actually very different.
There are many types of reptiles and amphibians. Frogs and toads, newts, salamanders and caecilias are part of the amphibian group. The reptile family is made up of snakes and lizards, crocodiles, tortoises, turtles and the tuatara.
One of the ways reptiles and amphibians are different is the function and texture of their skin. Most reptiles’ skin is scaly, dry and waterproof which helps keep their bodies from becoming dry. It is made out of the same material as the human fingernail. The amphibians’ skin is smooth, soft and damp. Most amphibians can breathe not only with their lungs, but with their skin too.
Reptiles and amphibians must take care of their skin in certain ways. Reptiles do a lot of sunbathing, whereas amphibians need to keep their skin moist. Most amphibians have a sticky mucus that is made by special glands under their skin. This helps keep it moist, although they also have to make sure that they remain close to water.
Reptiles and amphibians may appear to be the same, but they are not. They both need different things to survive. Even though they are unique, they are cool in their own ways.

[Source: 100 things you should know about Reptiles and Amphibians]