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Rosa Parks, Civil Rights Icon

Many people may have heard of the brave woman who stood up for herself and refused to give up her seat to a white man. That woman was known as Rosa Parks.

Rosa Louise McCauley was born in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4, 1913. She was daughter of James McCauley, who worked as a carpenter, and Leona McCauley, who worked as a teacher. Rosa's grandparents were enslaved. Rosa grew up in times where racism and segregation was very harsh; due to Jim Crow laws in the South, Black Americans had to sit separately on the bus from white Americans.

On December 1, 1955, she boarded the bus after a long day of work. She chose to sit in the front of the bus, spots typically designated for white people. When demanded to give her seat to a white passenger, she refused and was arrested and fined shortly after. As a result of her arrest, people started boycotting the Montgomery buses in protest by walking instead of using bus transportation. The boycott lasted over a year and resulted in the U.S Supreme Court ruling in favor of ending racial segregation on buses.

Rosa's activism paid off. She was recognized in many ways including awards, medals, and even the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the Congressional gold medal. Rosa and her husband Raymond Parks moved to Detroit, Michigan. On October 25, 2005, Rosa passed away peacefully in her home at the age of 92.

Rosa Parks was a bold woman and remains a very important figure in history. Let's continue to appreciate her and all the sacrifices she's made for as long as we can.

[Source: Women Who Changed the World]

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