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Beluga Whales: Navigating Arctic Challenges

Beluga whales are one of nature’s amazing mammals. These whales live in the Arctic but move locations when the ice melts. In the fall, they move to the south as ice forms, returning in the spring when ice breaks apart.

Beluga whales are very social creatures and typically live in small groups known as pods. They have flexible foreheads that can change shape to show their different expressions. Additionally, they can make different sounds, such as chirps, clicks, whistles, and squeals, to communicate with one another.

Belugas need ice to live. Specifically, these whales use ice to hide from predators like orcas or feed and take shelter. As the climate changes, it is very hard for these whales to adapt as the ice cover slowly melts away. Another big factor that harms these whales is noise pollution, as this prevents them from communicating with each other.

To find food, belugas must know how to navigate and find one another. Beluga whales can live from 35 to 50 years. These whales typically weigh about one to 1.5 tons and are 13 to 60 feet long. Their diet consists of many different fish and seafood.

Beluga whales are threatened by climate change and could go extinct if we do not take action against issues such as global warming and its consequences.

[Source: World Wildlife Fund]

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