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Hermes, Olympian Trickster and Master of Many Realms

In the world of Greek myths, Hermes has the most domains, or roles, due to his upbringing. He is one of the 12 Olympians and is considered the trickster of them all.

Hermes was the son of Zeus, king of the Greek gods, and a nymph Maia. When Hermes was just a few days old, he was very fast. He traveled to the mountains and killed a tortoise and used its shell as a helmet. Being a mischievous god, he stole the sacred cattle of his half-brother Apollo. He led them away and reversed their hoof tracks, making it impossible for Apollo to track them. Finally, after a satyr found Hermes and his cattle, Apollo chased him around the world and to Olympus. Hermes wasn't punished when he was caught. Instead he created the lyre out of the shell of the tortoise he had killed, instantly charming Apollo.

Hermes was the messenger of his father, Zeus, and was involved with many historical events in Greek myth. He was ordered by his father to kill the 100 eyed creature Argos to free Zeus’ late lover Io. Argos was turned into the first peacock by Hera, the queen of the Greek gods, after his death. Hermes freed Ares from his year-long imprisonment from the twin giants Otus and Ephialtes. He stole Poseidon's trident, Artemis’ arrows, and Aphrodite's girdle.

He was on the side of the Achaeans, but he acted as the guide and counselor of the Trojan king Priam, when the king tried to collect the body of his son Hector. He was described as "Hermes the guide,” "Slayer of Argos” and “Hermes the kindly.” He helped Odysseus on his long return to Ithaca. He also helped the legendary hero Perseus, by giving him an unbreakable sword made of adamantium, an unbreakable metal.

Hermes was also an inventor. He invented fire, the Greek alphabet, and dice, or knucklebones. After his making of dice, he was worshiped by gamblers. Hermes also made many musical instruments, including the lyre. He made the pan pipes and was known as the patron of thieves, shepherds, and the patron of the home. He was the god of travelers and set stone pillars along the road to guide travelers. Hermes was popular due to his diplomatic skills and was considered the patron of languages by Greek scholars. He was seen as a protector of the youth.

Hermes was the god of homes, travelers and many other things. He was worshiped all around ancient Greece. There were pillars of his image in front of homes. He had a sanctuary in Crete and one of the oldest cults in Athens. Hermes also had cults in many city-states, capitals, and other places where Greek influence reached.

Hermes had many domains and many worshipers. In modern times, those who still worship the Greek gods considered him the god of messengers and modern things.

[Source: World History Encyclopedia]

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