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Simpson Street Free Press

Göbekli Tepe Is the World's Oldest Temple

The Gobekli Tepe, also known as "Hill with a Navel" or "Potbelly Hill," is found ten miles northeast of Sanliurfa, an ancient city in southeastern Turkey. It was once named "Edessa" and is known as "The City of the Prophets."

Gobekli Tepe was discovered by a German archeologist named Klaus Schmidt, who formerly worked on a different ancient site that predated Gobekli Tepe. This site is the oldest man-made place of worship that has been discovered and dates back to 10,000 BCE.

These temples contained loft pillars with carved reliefs of different animals, such as snakes, foxes, and lions. Bones have been discovered on the site, which might have been used for ritual sacrifices and feasts. Gobekli Tepe was filled with numerous Neolithic flint tools, knives, choppers, and projectile points.

Schmidt believed that the cathedral on a hill attracted worshippers from up to 100 miles away. Gobekli Tepe seems to have been abandoned in the 8th millennium BCE before being rediscovered. Now, it has a strong connection to ancient world history.

[Source: World History Encyclopedia, World Heritage Convention]

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