Mysterious Predator of the Deep
by Ajah Dye, age 10
common octopus is a unique animal with eight arms, large eyes, and a
massive head. Although this animal looks kind of strange, it has a
variety of fascinating skills.
octopus has many ways to ward off predators. One way it protects
itself is by spraying water from its mantle to propel it away from
danger. Another method is using its soft body to squeeze through
small cracks where other animals can’t follow it. If an octopus
loses an arm, it can grow another one without any permanent damage.
discovered, the octopus expels a cloud of black ink. The ink makes it
difficult for predators to locate the octopus, giving it ample time
to swim away. The ink also contains a substance that dulls the
predator’s sense of smell, making it difficult to follow the
Camouflaging is a very
important skill an octopus uses to protect itself from predators. The
octopus has special pigment cells and muscles in its skin that help
it blend in with its surroundings. When an octopus camouflages, like
a chameleon, it can match the colors, patterns and textures of its
surroundings. Another reason an octopus uses camouflage is so that it
can sneak up on its prey before an attack.
The octopus usually preys
on crabs, crayfish, and mollusks. When an octopus bites its prey, its
venom paralyzes the animal so it can’t escape.
The common octopus inhabits
tropical and temperate oceanic waters. It usually lives for about two
years. The octopus can grow up to 36 inches long and weigh up to 22
crustacean shells and other objects to make boarders around their
territories. This behavior shows that the common octopus is indeed a
very intelligent sea creature.
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