One might not think that penguins can live in warm places. However, a variety of penguin species actually live in South America, Australia, New Zealand, and even South Africa.
Why can penguins live in warm places? These creatures have adaptations that can help them survive. For example, while the wind is hot in South Africa, surrounding oceans are cold, so penguins can survive in the extreme heat.
The kinds of penguin who live in South Africa include: Peruvians, Snares, Littles Fjordlands, Magellanics, Erect-crested, Jackass, Galapagos, Emperors, Macaroni, and many more. The tallest of these breeds—the Emperors—can reach six feet in height. The smallest—Little Penguins—are typically only fourteen inches.
By studying penguins today and the fossils of deceased penguins who lived millions of years ago, scientists are able to provide us with a lot of information about this amazing and surprising species.
[Source: 100 Things You Should Know About Penguins]