Albert Einstein was a great example of a scientist who helped us understand that matter can be turned into energy, proving it with his famous formula E=mc^{2}.

Einstein attended school in Munich, Germany, where he was considered an average student. He showed an interest in math and science. When his family moved to Milan, Italy, he dropped out of school with no degree at age 15. He later earned a diploma to be a math and physics teacher in July 1900. Einstein moved to Bern where he got a job at a Patent Office. In his spare time he worked on theoretical physics.

Einstein published some of his most important scientific work in 1905. Part of his work was his famous formula, E=mc^{2}. The E stands for energy, m for mass and c^{2} for the square of speed of light in a vacuum. In 1909, Einstein became a professor of theoretical physics at the University of Zurich, Switzerland. When World War I started in 1914, Einstein was invited to work as a scientist in Berlin. From 1909-1916 he worked intensively to develop a general theory of relativity.

Einstein became so famous from his theory that he frequently received letters from all over the globe. In 1921, he won a Nobel Prize for physics.

When his son Eduard was 12 years old, he asked his father why he was so famous, and Eduard got his answer: “When a blind beetle crawls over a surface of a curved branch it doesn’t notice that the track it has covered is indeed curved. I was lucky enough to notice what the beetle didn’t notice.’’

In December 1932, after the Nazis came to power, Einstein left Germany and never returned. In 1933, Einstein moved to Princeton, U.S.A, where he taught until his death on April 18, 1955. Sadly, he was only 76 years old.

[Source: *Kids- Albert Einstein Biography*]