In Ancient Egypt, around 2686 to 2181 B.C.E., the Egyptians built the Pyramids of Giza. These pyramids held the tombs of pharaohs and many secrets for thousands of years. Now that the chambers of the deceased pharaohs are opened, a number of ancient Egyptian secrets have been revealed.
Many once thought the pyramids were built by slaves who were forced to work in horrible conditions. However, we now know that they were actually built by experienced laborers under the direction of engineers, architects, and master builders. In ancient Egypt, working as a laborer was a huge honor. In return for their labor, they received food for themselves and their families and a right to a tomb. To have a tomb meant immortality.
The Pyramids of Giza include three main pyramids. The first holds the pharaoh Khufu (Cheops); the second holds Khafre (Khephren); and the third holds Menkaure (Mycerinus). Ancient Egyptians thought that pyramids were used to resurrect the kings due to their shapes. They also believed the Sun gave its light as a cone, which is why they erected pyramids, so the sun could focus all its light on the structures tips.
On July 1, 1798, French ruler Napoleon went to Egypt. After this trip, he spread word of the pyramids to western civilization and in 1818, an Italian from Padua named Belzoni found the entrance to the Pyramid of Khafre. Later a Genoan, Giovanni Battista Caviglia, found the entrance to the Pyramid of Khufu.
This wasn’t the last ancient Egyptian pyramid entrance to be discovered, however. Recently, a robot with a camera went into Khufu’s pyramid and found a vent that in turn lead to a door about eight inches wide with two small bronze handles.
With 21st century technology, we are slowly deciphering the secrets that these pyramids hold. It’s exciting to think about all of the information we have yet to uncover.
[Source: 100 Great Wonders of the World]