geography

Beginning in 1870 and ending in 1910, large groups of African Americans moved from the southern United States to the North. This mass movement was called the ''Great Migration.'' [read more...]
There are many fascinating animals living in Africa, but the most interesting to me are giraffes and elephants. [read more...]
Eurasian Woodcocks are great, wondrous creatures with many interesting quirks and features. But the real question is, can you find them? [read more...]
African elephants are massive, majestic creatures; unfortunately, however, they are also endangered. African elephants are getting shot and killed every day for their ivory in their tusks. Ivory is sold all around the world as a luxury item. Elephants are also hunted for their meat and skin, both of which can be used for fashion purposes. [read more...]
For some, Jamaican coffee is a staple. Whether it helps you wake up at the crack of dawn or it complements your afternoon doughnut, the world seems to run on coffee. Unfortunately, Jamaican coffee has been in decline for years. But there just might be hope for Jamaican coffee farmers and lovers, in the surprising form of birds. [read more...]
Africa is one of the largest continents, the second largest behind Asia, and covers about one fifth of Earth's land area. This continent is unique, varied, and fascinating to learn about. [read more...]
Deep in the Atlantic Ocean live the spotted dolphins. Their tails and fins help them swim fast so they can capture their prey. Some may think these speedy creatures are fish, but they are actually mammals. [read more...]
The Colosseum is an ancient stadium in the city of Rome. It was perhaps ingeniously designed as both a place of entertainment and an arena of death. [read more...]
The Eiffel is one of the most fascinating and famous towers in the world. French engineer Gustave Eiffel and his company designed the Parisian tower, the construction of which began in 1887. The tower was ultimately completed by 1889. [read more...]
There are many amazing animals that live in the desert. They all have unique adaptations that allow them to withstand the desert heat. [read more...]
Pearls are captivating objects. Though they are widely used for jewelry and decoration, some may not know how they are made or where they come from. [read more...]
The Arctic is not a place many humans would call home, however, but it's just that for some birds. Though most birds live in warm climates and migrate elsewhere when it gets cold, Arctic birds stick it out through each freezing winter. Arctic birds live in the treeless tundra. [read more...]
Ancient Egypt was a monumental civilization that is still admired to this day. This nation's history reveals a fascinating progression from small settlement to country. People first settled in Egypt because of the Nile River. The Nile provided many things necessary for a settlement, such as food sources from the fish and the animals that came to drink here; water from the river itself; fertile silt for farming; and building materials from vegetation growing in its nearby areas. People also settled in Egypt because of its surroundings: the sand dunes, hot weather, and rough climate made it difficult to invade Egypt, therefore making it a safe place to live. [read more...]
Teotihuacan, an Aztec name meaning ''place of gods,'' was the biggest city in Mesoamerica, South America. It covered an area of more than eight square miles. Big streets, religious buildings, and private houses were part of what made this civilization so sophisticated. [read more...]
Visualize a thumbtack without the bottom. Now imagine that as a building, but way taller. [read more...]
Recently, scientists discovered a prehistoric crocodile in the Tunisian desert. They named it the “Machimosaurus Rex.” [read more...]
Egyptian mummies are the stuff of legends, cryptic video games and adventure films. But why did the Egyptians make mummies in first place? [read more...]
Japan is an archipelago of islands found off the Eastern side of Russia. The country places 18th in total land area in the world. Its largest island is called Honshu, second largest is Hokkaido, then Kyushu and Shikoku are runner-ups before the smallest of them all, the Ryukyu islands. [read more...]
America owes its riches to African slaves. The institution of slavery started during the 17th and 18th centuries in the United States. The country had plenty of natural resources, but it did not have enough labor to farm the land. To the rich white plantation owners, African slaves seemed to be a perfect solution. [read more...]
Marianne Winkler was walking on a German beach with her husband when she saw an object that had washed up on the shore. She investigated further to find the object was a message in a bottle. The bottle was sealed shut, so Winkler and her husband decided to break it to get the message [read more...]
The longest river in the world, the Nile flows in many countries. Every year, the Nile rises from July to October despite the fact that it hardly rains in Egypt. This is known as “the riddle of the Nile river.” [read more...]
Siberian Tigers, also known as Panthera Tigris Altica, are the biggest of the big cats. These creatures are among the most ferocious predators in the animal kingdom. They live in north-eastern China and North and South Korea. Like the closely related Snow leopard, Unicia unicia, Siberian Tigers thrive in extremely cold weather. [read more...]
Giraffes are like snowflakes – no two look alike. But giraffes share characteristics; they have huge hearts and tongues, to they only give birth to one calf and their “vulnerable” status. On average, giraffes tend to live 20-25 years. Like any other mammal, they have vertebrae. [read more...]
Japan has more than 500 volcanoes on its main islands; many lie dormant but others remain active. There are also hundreds of areas of thermal activity throughout this nation. One of the biggest thermal areas in the world is Beppu. [read more...]
Many people do not realize how valuable water is until it's gone. Worldwide, droughts affect over 1.5 billion people in the developing world. California, one place currently affected by severe droughts, is working on a project that will improve water supply and hopefully get rid of some of its recently mandated water laws. [read more...]
Flamingos are usually known for their beautiful pink plumage. One flamingo, however, gained fame early this year for its rare black feathers. Spotted among pink and white flamingos, onlookers first noticed the unusual black flamingo at the Akrotiri Environmental Center on the Mediterranean island nation of Cyprus this April. [read more...]
Every year thousands of helpless animals are illegally hunted, bringing them one step closer to extinction by poachers. But with new technology, these crimes can be stopped. The animal's potential savior—drones. [read more...]
I recently read The Breadwinner by Deborah Ellis. This book is about a resilient girl who overcomes many obstacles in Afghanistan. [read more...]
In the year 1900, pieces of an ancient device that would come to be known as the Antikythera mechanism were discovered under the sea by sponge divers and taken to the National Archaeological Museum in Athens, Greece. [read more...]
The northern lynx is a complex creature. It manages not only to survive in extremely cold weather, but also to live a fairly long life. [read more...]
The very first horses originated in North America almost two million years ago. However, the species almost disappeared from the New World around 10,000 B.C.E. Researches believe that people who migrated from Eurasia to North America around this time and hunted and captured horses are to blame for their near-extinction. [read more...]
South America, the fourth biggest continent, contains about 12 percent of the Earth’s land area. Populated by over 355 million people, this continent is unique and filled with incredible biodiversity. [read more...]
It is well known that kangaroos carry their young in their pouches, but did you know they are not the only animals to do so? In fact, all marsupials carry their young in pouches. [read more...]
Imagine running through a great river valley. You're living a happy life and have much to eat. All of a sudden, mud buries you and everyone around you. Millions of years later, your bones are discovered by a group of scientists who then embark on a journey to figure out exactly what happened to you and your species. [read more...]
Crunch! This is sound made when an African elephant chews its food. African elephants chow down between 400 and 600 pounds of plants and other greens a day. In order to break down this extreme amount of food, their teeth must be crunching all the time. [read more...]
With unique teeth structure to hunting patterns, foxes roam all over the world. [read more...]
Mexico went through a lot of complications in order to become a complete nation. [read more...]
The 3,000 foot tall “Nose” is located on Yosemite National Park's granite massive structure, “El Capitan.” Many people had tried to climb it, but nobody succeeded until athlete Lynn Hill. Hill was the first climber to conquer the Nose. [read more...]
Water is an important factor in cave formation. It finds its way through cracks, dissolves, and melts, creating caves all over the world. [read more...]
Almost 150 years ago a group of 250 men built the 1,000-foot-tall Eiffel Tower in only 26 months. Gustave Eiffel, French engineer, submitted his plans for what would be the tallest structure in the world at that time, along with 100 other architects in a contest. In 1886 his company was selected to build his structure in time for the 1889 Paris Exposition. Eiffel was not only known for building sturdy railroad bridges but also had a reputation for solving technically challenging problems. [read more...]
Many foods that we eat today were first grown in the Fertile Crescent around about 8,000 B.C.E when the practice of farming began. [read more...]
It may be hard to believe that 71 percent of the Earth's surface is made up of oceans, seas, and other bodies of water. With this much water covering the Earth's surface, its not surprising that scientists are still unsure of what these waters hold. [read more...]
The Danube Delta, a vast area of waterways, marshes, and lakes, has suffered extensive damage due to pollution. The root of this pollution is agricultural run-off, which has led to the decline of native species. [read more...]
Throughout history, researchers have discovered information about our ancient ancestors. The finding of one baby homo neanderthalensis fossil sparked many of these findings. [read more...]
In the Black Hills of South Dakota, there is a curious looking mountain. [read more...]
The city of Petra is located in the Middle Eastern country of Jordan. Before the first temples and tombs were built in 300 B.C. E. thick layers of rock surrounded the area. The city is the namesake of this rocky terrain, petra meaning rock. [read more...]
Imagine standing at the foot of a huge Chichén Itzá pyramid in Mexico, as I did recently during a family trip. I took in the enormity of the pyramid and its vast desert-like surroundings. I felt speechless at the thought that many years ago the place where I was standing was the heart of the Mayan civilization. The Mayan civilization flourished for more than seven hundred years. [read more...]